Please, be cautious following the instructions below!


Plagiarism is a severe violation of the academic integrity.

In case of any fact of plagiarism in your works this will be penalized by your grade's decrease!

Lesson 5: "Cell Death. Necrosis and Apoptosis"

Questions for self-studying:

1. Cell death: definitions, terms and stages of development, morphological characteristics of regulated and accidental cellular death, their consequences.

2. Apoptosis. Pathogen-induced apoptosis: definitions, molecular mechanisms, term of development, microscopic manifestations, consequences.

3. Fundamentals of thanatology - the doctrine of death, its causes, mechanisms and features.

4. Birth and death. The death of the body of biological, social and medical terms: the idea of natural, violent death and death from disease (premature and sudden). Definition of intrauterine death.

5. Thanatogenesis. Structural mechanisms of cessation of vital organs activity during the natural course of the disease. The immediate effects of discontinuation of the heart, lungs, brain, kidneys and liver.

6. Biological death: the definition, immediate causes and timing of development in the natural course of the disease and in the sudden death of man. Early and late signs of biological death and death of a resuscitated patient. Morphological characteristics of corpse changes.

7. Ischemic-reperfusion injury: definitions, features of morphogenesis, morphological characteristics, consequences.

  • Preparation materials:

1. Workbook, part I, pp. 14-15.

2. Sources:

1. Kumar, Vinay, Abul K. Abbas, and Jon C. Aster. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease. Ninth edition. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders, 2015.

2. Kumar, Vinay, Abul K Abbas, Jon C Aster, and Stanley L. 1915-2003 Robbins. Robbins Basic Pathology. Tenth Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders, 2018.

3. Klatt, Edward C. Robbins and Cotran Atlas of Pathology. Third edition. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders, 2015.

4. Klatt, Edward C., and Vinay Kumar. Robbins and Cotran Review of Pathology. Fourth edi-tion. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders, 2015.

5. Harsh Mohan. Textbook of Pathology. Seventh edition. Jaypee Brothers,Medical Publish-ers Pvt. Limited, 2014.

3. Images on "Cell Death. Necrosis and Apoptosis"

4. Learning Videos on current topics:

More on Osmosis: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNI0qOojpkhsUtaQ4_2NUhQ.

  • Task:

1. Please, pass Initial MCQ Test.

2. On Workbook's page 15 carry out Microscopic Slide and Gross Specimen Descriptions:

  • "Myocardial infarction";

  • "Kidney infarction".

Myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction

Kidney infarction

3. On Workbook's page 15 in the "Individual Task #" field, explain your answer to MCQ's Tasks # 6. Why did you choose this answer as a right and exclude the rest?

4*. Perform a sketch of one slide presented on this page: "Cell Death. Necrosis and Apoptosis". Point on it the morphological changes that decribe selected pathological condition. Use the "For drawings, sketches" box on page 14 of the Workbook.

4. Sign your written work below "Tutor’s signature" box.

Please, take photos of your Workbook's cover page and the filled worksheets of Lesson (pages 14-15). with your Student Card attached in the corner (see example). Send us your completed work.

E-mail address for submission of completed works:


Please, sent photos of your written work no later than the next day after the specified date in the schedule.

Important! In the subject of the letter indicate your faculty, group number / dozen and topic number in the following format:


AAAA - Faculty (stom)

BBB.b - group number / dozen

SSSS - topic number

DDDD - Student's Surname and Name

E.g.: II_int_421.31_13_Shailendra Yadav Kumar

In order to advise the department, the student should send a letter indicating "ZAPYT"

keep calm and wash your hands!